Kerala is one of the smallest states in the Indian union. Its area 38.855 square kilometers is just 1.3 percent of the total area of India.The land of Kerala comprises the narrow coastal strip bounded by the Western Ghats in the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. In the words of Sreedhara Menon Its unique geographical position and peculiar physical features have invested Kerala with a distinct individuality. Hence it has played a vital role in the commercial and cultural history of India.
With its evergreen mountains, dense forests stately palms, swift flowing rivers, extensive backwaters and blue lagoons, it looks like a fairyland. This atmosphere of beauty and peace has nurtured religion and art in Kerala and enabled her to become a precious gem in the necklace of Indian culture. Indian poets of eminence have showered their praises for the abundance of its peppers, the fragrance of its sandal and the wealth of its coconuts. No part of India is so widely known or has played so important a part in world history as Kerala.